By Julia Herschensohn
Adopting the theoretical framework of the minimalist software, this examine of syntactic obstacles on supplement configuration investigates the hyperlink among thematic exterior arguments and case. utilizing facts from pronominal, mental experiencer, and inalienable buildings, it argues that either accusative and dative are structural situations in French and that this duality is mirrored in a parallel restrict on argument projection. Larson’s unmarried supplement speculation, which permits a greatest of 2 inner arguments, offers the theoretical justification for this inspiration. The trying out flooring for the binary speculation is a gaggle of nonthematic topic buildings regarding undative in addition to unaccusative verbs, linking, in keeping with Burzio’s generalization, case suspension and shortage of an inner argument. The research of those structures and people concerning partitive case offers not just a theoretically major contribution to our knowing of grammar, but in addition a influenced reason behind a couple of empirical difficulties in French.
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Extra resources for Case Suspension and Binary Complement Structure in French
Chomsky (1993:13) proposes a tiered VP with three levels of arguments: the external argument in Spec VP 1 that moves to Spec Agr s , with nominative Case; the first internal argument in Spec VP 2 that moves to Spec AgrO, with objective Case; and the second internal argument in Spec VP 2 . In French, just as objective Case targets the argument in Spec VP 2 , dative Case targets the argument in Spec VP 3 . Dative Case is indicated by dative à on the indirect object noun phrase or is morphologically realized on the clitic pronoun.
The presupposition of existence and uniqueness entailed by definites restricts their use in these existential constructions which assert (and do not presuppose) the existence of a partially specified set. 18 Two apparent exceptions to this restriction are definite DPs with a list reading (14a) and those that are nonspecific qualified indefinites (14b). (14) a Qui est dans la cuisine? Il y a la mère, le père, et le fils. "Who's in the kitchen? There's the mother, the father and the son". b Paul considère Marie intelligente.
G. g. governed instrumental) assigned at Dstructure. Both Baker and Franks note that the bipartition of Case into structural and inherent does not adequately describe Case distribution in richly inflected languages. In earlier systems the agreement features of inflection (tense) assign nominative Case, while the verb itself assigns objective Case under government. Under the minimalist program, the two structural Cases are entirely parallel: Agr s and Agr o are two functional categories whose role is to check nominative and objective Case respectively (Chomsky (1993:8).
Case Suspension and Binary Complement Structure in French by Julia Herschensohn